November 15: The Nativity Fast Begins

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Today we enter into the period often called Advent. This is the period set aside for us to prepare for the coming of Christ. Our way of preparing for the significant events in the life of Christ is to fast. The Advent, or Nativity fast, is seen as a lighter fast than Great Lent, but especially today it is a most important one.

Why? Because of the craziness of the period that precedes Christmas. It is filled with secular images and activities so that too often we lose the notion that we are dong all this to prepare for the Nativity of our Lord and God and Savior is lost. We need to sit down with our families and determine how we will prepare for the Coming of Christ and honor this period by our fast.

There is no need to enumerate the distractions during this period. But doesn’t Santa Clause seems to get a bigger billing than Christ? Also there are all the other modern symbols of this time such as Rudolph the red nosed reindeer, Frosty the snowman, and all the other non religious Christmas stories. In addition there are the office parties and the numerous visits and gatherings of friends and neighbors where we celebrate. But when we get together what are we celebrating? This is our challenge, we must bring Christ to the center of our all our activities during this season that so many enjoy.

Elder Paisios tells us the following about fasting:

“With fasting man reveals his choices. Out of philotimo (=good will), a person undertakes an ascetic discipline and God helps. But if a person forces himself and laments, “Oh well, it’s Friday; I have to fast,” he will surely torment himself. If however, he understands the meaning of fasting and does it out of love for Christ, he will rejoice in it and say to himself, “This is the day when Christ was crucified; they didn’t even give Him water to drink; they gave Him vinegar. I, too , will not drink water all day.” If he does this, then he will experience a far more sublime inner joy that the person who in joys the best refreshments.”

What does this mean for us in regards to the Nativity fast? It instructs to understand that by fasting we bring ourselves to an awareness of the life of Christ and how he sacrificed for us. Each time we resist a temptation to violate our fast we are brought back to the truth of our salvation. We remember why we are doing it and this centers us and our current activity on Christ. In this way we keep Christ in the center of our lives even in a hectic period like Advent.

Any fast must be done out of the love of God. We do it to help us remember Him.

Elder Paisios amplifies this point.

“If someone doesn’t get to the point of doing something, whatever it is that he chooses to do, out of love for God and his fellow human beings, he is merely wasting his time and effort. If he is fasting and has the prideful thought that he is doing something great, his fasting is wasted. He is like a vessel with holes that cannot hold any thing. Put water into a vessel with holes –– the water gradually drips away.”

During this period let us not be like a vessel with holes, but let us seek to fortify ourselves with a fast that will help us keep our focus on the purpose of this season.

by Dn.Charles Joiner


Guidelines for the Nativity Fast

The Nativity Fast is one of the four Canonical Fasting Seasons in the Church year. This is a joyous fast in anticipation of the Nativity of Christ. That is the reason it is less strict than other fasting periods. The fast is divided into two periods. The 1st period is November 15th through December 17th when the traditional fasting discipline (no meat, dairy, fish, wine, and oil) is observed. There is dispensation given for wine and oil on Tuesdays and Thursdays. Similarly, fish, wine, and oil are permitted on Saturdays and Sundays. The 2nd period is December 18th through 24th when the traditional fasting discipline (no meat, dairy, fish, wine, and oil) is observed. There is dispensation given for wine and oil only on Saturday and Sunday during this period. Here are the guidelines:


beef, chicken, pork, turkey, elk, veal, lamb, deer, rabbit, buffalo, and so forth



milk, eggs, cheese, butter, yogurt, cream, and so forth



fish with a backbone (not including shrimp, octopus, shellfish, squid, or other seafood which is permitted to eat all the days).

Permitted all the days except Wednesdays and Fridays before 17 December.


Permitted all the days except Wednesdays and Fridays before 17 December.


Permitted all the days except Wednesdays and Fridays before 17 December.

Abstinence includes refraining from the food and drink mentioned above. The Eucharistic Fast means abstaining from at least the previous midnight for communing at a morning Liturgy.

The Purpose of Fasting

The purpose of fasting is to focus on the things that are above, the Kingdom of God. It is a means of putting on virtue in reality, here and now. Through it we are freed from dependence on worldly things. We fast faithfully and in secret, not judging others, and not holding ourselves up as an example.

* Fasting in itself is not a means of pleasing God. Fasting is not a punishment for our sins. Nor is fasting a means of suffering and pain to be undertaken as some kind of atonement. Christ already redeemed us on His Cross. Salvation is a gift from God that is not bought by our hunger or thirst.

* We fast to be delivered from carnal passions so that God’s gift of Salvation may bear fruit in us.

* We fast and turn our eyes toward God in His Holy Church. Fasting and prayer go together.

* Fasting is not irrelevant. Fasting is not obsolete, and it is not something for someone else. Fasting is from God, for us, right here and right now.

* Most of all, we should not devour each other. We ask God to “set a watch and keep the door of our lips.”

Do Not Fast

*between December 25 and January 5 (even on Wednesdays and Fridays);

* if you are pregnant or nursing a newborn;

* during serious illness;

* without prayer;

* without alms-giving;

* according to your own will without guidance from your spiritual father.